These forces may result in bony or soft tissue injuries such as discs, ligaments, tendons, neck muscles, and nerve roots.
- Neck strain
- Acceleration flexion-extension neck injury
- Soft tissue cervical hyperextension injury
What is WAD (Whiplash Associated Disorder)?
WAD is a term used to describe a range of symptoms resulting from whiplash. These can vary from no symptoms to severe.
WAD injuries are usually graded on a severity scale between 0-4.
|Grade 0||No pain or discomfort. No physical signs of injury.|
|Grade 1||Neck pain, stiffness or tenderness. No physical signs of injury.|
|Grade 2||Neck pain, stiffness or tenderness and some physical signs of injury such as point tenderness or trouble turning the head.|
|Grade 3||Pain, stiffness or tenderness and neurological signs of injury, such as changes to reflexes or weakness in the arms.|
|Grade 4||Pain and fracture or dislocation of the neck.|
(Quebec Task Force Classification of Grades of WAD)